The Home Depot rental truck used by perpetrator Sayfullo Habibullaevich Saipov during the 2017 Lower Manhattan attack, the morning after the incident. CC BY-SA 4.0 Gh9449

Assessing the Magnitude of the Threats Posed by Hoax Devices as Weapons in Terrorist Attacks and Effective Countermeasures

By Dr. Joshua Sinai

Terrorist attackers generally employ real weapons in their attacks, such as firearms, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and edged weapons such as knives. Such weapons are intended to inflict as much lethality as possible on their intended targets as part of the attackers’ intention to cause fatalities among their victims and mass panic and anxiety in the larger public as a way to publicize their cause. As part of their attack arsenal, when real weapons might be unavail...

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