SITREP 1st Qtr 2023

Trends for Last Month

Deteriorated Situations

Bolivia, Peru, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Somaliland South Sudan, Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

Improved Situations

Niger, Eritrea, Sudan

Crisis Group’s monthly conflict tracker highlights eight deteriorations in January.

Taliban authorities in Afghanistan banned women from attending university and working in NGOs, disrupting one of the world’s largest humanitarian responses as tens of millions struggle to survive amid economic hardship and a severe winter.Fears of a looming humanitarian crisis in Nagorno-Karabakh grew after Azerbaijan-backed protesters began blocking the Lachin corridor, a vital transport link connecting Armenia with the enclave.In the first clash in two-and-a-half years, Indian and Chinese soldiers fought hand-to-hand along the disputed Line of Actual Control, injuring dozens.In Peru, a failed attempt to dissolve Congress ended the brief presidency of Pedro Castillo, prompting widespread protests that turned deadly amid a fierce security crackdown.Fighting wreaked havoc in South Sudan’s Upper Nile state while violence perpetrated by armed youth killed dozens and displaced thousands in Jonglei state.In Somaliland, clashes between security forces and protesters left at least 20 people dead in a contested area near Somalia’s Puntland region.

We also spotlight improvements in three conflict situations in Africa.

The military and civilian groups in Sudan signed an agreement paving the wa...